In Matthew 16 we read that Jesus took his disciples to the area of Caesarea, Phillipi, which was just north of the sea of Galillee and is the site of the source of the Jordan River. Here there are a number of deep caverns which the ancients referred to as the Gates of Hell. Here they believed the demons came up from hell.
Because it was a dark and mysterious place, there were pagan shrines built to the Roman Gods. In fact, at the time of Jesus, there would have been a statue of pan and a statue of Caesar. A god who thought he was man and a man who though he was god. Continue reading Upon This Rock: Part I